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Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that usually occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is caused by the bite of the mosquito Aedesaegypti infected with any one of the four dengue viruses- DEN1, DEN2, DEN3 and DEN4. These four viruses are called serotypes and infection with each of these viruses result in the same disease and similar symptoms. Once infected with any one of these serotypes, provides you lifelong immunity against that type. However, subsequent infections with other serotypes may cause severe complications.

Dengue, also known as “break bone fever” and “Dengue hemorrhagic fever” is a nauseating febrile condition that usually begins with sudden onset of severe headache and pain behind the eyes. Dengue fever is painful and debilitating. It can affect almost every age group equally but tends to be more severe in people with weak immune system. There are more than 100 million new cases of dengue every year throughout the world.

Dengue is not transmitted by person-to-person contact but is transmitted from infected person to Dengue causing mosquito Aedesaegypti. The mosquito is active during daytime and primarily attacks humans. It multiplies during rainy season and the period following it (Mid of June to October in India). Its typical breeding sites are water-filled stagnant flower pots, water storage containers and nectar of plants.

Three Phases of Dengue infection

The course of infection of dengue occurs in three phases:

  1. The Febrile Phase: This is the earliest phase of the infection.  During this phase, patients suffer from symptoms like high fever, severe headache, body pains and in some cases body rashes. This phase usually lasts for 2-7 days.
  2. The Critical Phase: This is also known as “Plasma Leak” phase. During this phase, dengue causes many serious complications including evidences of plasma leakage, reduced blood supply, fluid accumulation in the chest and abdominal cavity leading to severe dengue condition known as “Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)”.
  3. The Convalescent Phase: This phase is the “Reabsorption phase”. The leaked fluids are reabsorbed back into the blood streams and cavities. This phase usually lasts for 2-3 days.


As stated, dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the bite of female mosquito Aedesaegypti. When the mosquito bites a person infected with any one of the four dengue viruses, the virus enters the mosquito’s body. When this infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus gets transmitted into his blood stream causing Dengue. Here, Aedesaegypti acts as a “vector” that carries the disease without actually developing the disease within itself.

According to Ayurveda, Dengue is Vata related disorder and generally known by names “DandakJwara” and “Dandy fever”.


About half of the people infected are asymptomatic. Another half takes 4-10 days to develop symptoms after being bitten. An individual should consult the specialist if his body temperature is 104 degree Celsius followed with any of the two symptoms:

  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Red rashes on the body
  • Sudden shivering
  • Weakness in the body followed with appetite and taste loss
  • Abdomen pain
  • Bleeding from nose, gums and mouth
  • Intense pain in the joints, muscles, and bones

What makes dengue so dangerous?

The dengue infection can be fatal as it may bring serious complications such as leakage and sometimes breakage of blood vessels, complete damage of blood vessels and malfunctioning of the blood components responsible for blood clotting.


The best way to deal with Dengue is to follow the below- mentioned preventive measures:

  • When outdoor, wear mosquito repellent creams and lotions containing DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus
  • Do not let water be accumulated around your living areas and societies
  • If living in areas where the outbreaks of Dengue are frequent wear protective clothing- long sleeves shirts and pants
  • Do not remain barefooted
  • Keep unscreened doors and windows closed
  • Standing water is typical breed site of Aedesaegypti. Get rid of it.


There are no specific vaccines and treatments to treat the Dengue fever in allopathy. However, there exist some of the potential medicinal herbs in Ayurveda that are proven to minimize the symptoms. Juice of papaya and giloy leaves is used to boost the immunity and blood platelets count. Boiled concoction of Tulsa leaves and black pepper is beneficial in minimizing the symptoms of Dengue. A mixture of Shunthi Churna and Hinguleshwar should be taken during infection duration. Further, dengue patients are advised to get plenty of liquid to replace the lost fluids and proper rest to gain body immunity. Paracetamol is advised to treat fever. However, aspirin is strictly prohibited.

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